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Buying and owning wetlands in Vermont

On Behalf of | Sep 12, 2023 | Real Estate

Owning or purchasing wetland property in Vermont can be a unique and rewarding experience. But did you know about 5% of the state is wetlands, according to the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department?

Wetlands are ecologically important areas, and they come with their own set of regulations and considerations. Before buying and owning this type of property, there are specific things you must keep in mind.

Wetland regulations

Vermont has stringent regulations governing wetlands. The regulations protect these important ecosystems. For example, regulations typically limit or restrict development on wetland properties. This means that you may not be able to build on or alter the natural landscape. Before purchasing wetland property, you need to research them and understand how they may impact your plans for the land.

Types of wetlands

Vermont has various types of wetlands, including freshwater marshes, bogs and floodplains. Each type has unique ecological characteristics and potential uses. Before buying wetland property, consider conducting an ecological assessment to understand its unique features and ecological value.

Wetland permits and mitigation

If you plan to undertake any activities that could impact the wetland, such as construction or excavation, you may need to obtain wetland permits from the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation. These permits ensure that any alterations are environmentally responsible.

In some cases, if you want to develop wetland property, you may have to mitigate any adverse impacts on wetlands by restoring or creating wetlands elsewhere. This process can be complex and costly.

Financial considerations

Owning wetland property may involve ongoing costs for maintenance, property taxes and compliance with regulations. However, many landowners in Vermont choose to conserve wetlands on their property through conservation easements or stewardship agreements. These agreements can provide tax benefits.

Owning or buying wetland property offers a chance to connect with and protect valuable natural resources, and it is important to understand the responsibilities and challenges associated with owning that land.